Origin

Myanmar under the Myanmar Kings had a solid foundation of legal framework and judicial administration. Myanmar Law was then composed of three elements: Yazathat, Dhammathat and Phyathton. Yazathats; which were the King’s Royal Edicts and Ordinances. These are composed of King’s commands and Criminal Laws for prevalence of law and order, security and peace, including mainly  for high treason, murder, dacoity, robbery ,theft etc.

Dhammathat: were collections of Corpus Jurist of Myanmar customary traditions, conventions and ratio decidendi of eminent judges and learned personnel in their decisions or writings, collected and consolidated versions of Myanmar Customary Law throughout the ages. Indeed, Dhammathats are composed of Legal Rules and Principles for Civil matters and Civil Law; they relate mainly to marriage, divorce, partition, succession, inheritance, adoption etc. Those Legal Rules and Principles are based on egalitarian rights relating to equality under law; and are still being applied by the present day courts of the Union of Myanmar. Pyatton: were the Judicial decisions passed by Courts, Benches and   the King’s Hluttaw;  like  the  present  day  Law  Reports

(Rulings) of the Supreme Court.

In those days, criminal and civil jurisdictions were distinct. Prevention and punishment of acts causing gross disturbances of the peace, to the detriment of public security were considered part of the administrative functions of Government. Hence, criminal justice was dispensed by administrative officials of the State. Civil justice, on the  other  hand,  was  administered  by  judges  

appointed  by  or under the King and by arbitrators chosen by parties. Naturally appeals lay in the last resort to the King, but from the decision of an arbitrator there was no appeal.

News

Naypyitaw  April 30

Court Annual Report 2019 (both English and Myanmar versions) was published by the Supreme Court of the Union of Myanmar on 30 April 2020.

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Nay Pyi Taw April 28

Today, the Supreme Court of the Union issued the Insolvency Rules for the effective implementation of the Insolvency Law (2020) under Section 416 (a) of the Law.

There are 10 Parts in the Rules and “The

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Naypyitaw April 21

The 2019 detailed data of Clearance Rate and Time to Disposition for civil suits of the Township Courts in Yangon Region is available as follows:

Myanmar language:

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The Supreme Court of the Union is the superior court of record and has supervisory powers over all courts in the Union and its decisions are binding upon all courts.

The Supreme Court of the Union is doing its best in the fourth year

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Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Febuary 2020

The Supreme Court of the Union today issues the key performance in 2019 and priority actions for 2020.

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